What are wood pellets?
Wood pellets are biofuels made from compressed wood fibre. Wood Pellets are made primarily from the residuals left over from the sawmilling process when logs are converted into lumber and other high-value wood products. Increasingly, harvesting residuals in the forest and low-quality logs once left as waste are also a source of raw material for wood pellets. By making wood pellets from fibre that was once left behind, the wood pellet sector is reducing waste and turning that debris into valuable, low carbon biofuel.
How are wood pellets made?
To create wood pellets, producers remove moisture from incoming wood fibre, grind the fibre into dust, and compress the dust into small cylinders—pellets—typically with a 8 mm diameter, and a length of up to 40 mm. Heat is applied in this process which causes lignin—a natural polymer found in wood—to act as a glue to hold the compressed particles together. The result is a dry, highly compressed and high energy-value product that can be easily handled and transported efficiently over very long distances.
Wood Pellets Can Be Used For:
Pellets have a wide variety of use from household to industrial. The fuel has not been fully exploited as there has not been scarcity of fuel in the past. However, with the current fuel shortage and ever rising prices, consumers are looking for affordable & environment friendly alternative fuels. Pellets fill this gap for:
Industrial Boilers for to generate steam
Pellet Fuel is Powerful tool for Industries to meet Govt. pressure for controlling Carbon foot prints and other pollution, hygiene norms which are impossible to achieve with fossil fuels. Pellets are best sized, enables it to flow freely through pipes, so feeding and spreading can be easily automated. Pellet burners suitable for such high efficient applications.
- Heating in Ceramics and Clay Wares industries, Brick Fields,
- Heating productive processes such as Tobacco curing, Fruits & Tea drying etc;
- Fuel for coal-based Power Generation Plant to generate electricity;
- Cooking and Water heating in households, Hotels, Tea Stalls etc.
Pellets are widely used for any type of thermal application like steam generation in boilers, heating purpose, drying process and gasification plant to replace existing conventional fuel like Coal, Wood & Costly liquid fuel like FO, Diesel, LDO, Kerosene etc. Use of Pellets as a fuel for green energy has shown very promising results both in Developed and developing countries. USA, Canada, China, Brazil, Turkey, UK, EU are the aggressive consumer of Fuel Pellets.
Advantages of Pellet Fuel
Pellets are the cheapest option of fuel for thermal application (Heating Purpose). Generally, Furnace Oil & Coal are being used as their fuel where Natural Gas is not available. Since Pellets are produced from natural waste materials these are much cheaper than FO and Coal.
Technical Advantages ::
- Due to higher density & higher Fix Carbon value, Pellets have higher Calorific Value (Heat giving capacity). It will be around 4600 Kacl/Kg compared to around 3200 Kacl/Kg in other available solid fuel alternatives e.g. Rice Husk Charcoal, Firewood etc.
- Consistent high burning efficiency due to controlled low moisture.
- Pellets are ideal for Transportation, Feeding in boiler and Storage due to unique shape.
- Combustion is more uniform compared to coal and other solid fuel.
- Eco-Friendly & Renewable Energy Fuel,
- Pollution free because there is no sulfur or any hazardous material
- Lower Ash content, 2 to 8%. There is no fly ash when burnt
Detailed Specifications of Biomass Briquettes ::
|Made with||100% Sawdust & Wood Waste|
|Binder/Chemicals||No binder, dye, paints, additives and chemicals used|
|Length||Less than 40mm|
|Heating Value (CV)||4500 ± 3% Kacl per Kg|
|Ash Content||3% Maximum|
|Use||Heat generation for Industrial and Commercial use.|
|Packing||40Kg per Bag|
|Monthly Capacity||Around 1,000 MT Per Month|
|Minimum Order Quantity||14 Tons – One Truck Load|